Yarmouk Forest Reserve is located in the northwestern parts of Jordan, at the border with Golan hill. The total area of Yarmouk Forest Reserve is 20 km2. It contains two main topographic areas: Mountains which are covered by deciduous oak up to 500 m high above the sea level, punctuated by valleys of small and medium descend towards the Yarmouk River.
The reserve has two vegetation types: Deciduous oak forest and fresh water vegetation types. It contains 59 plant species, among them: Deciduous Oak which is the national tree in Jordan, Atlantic Pistachio, White Willow, Oriental plane, Orchid Anatolian and Aleppo Pine. 20 recorded mammalian species, among them: Arabian Gazelle, Stone Marten, Rock Hyrax, Egyptian, Jungle Cat, and Asiatic Jackal. Also 58 Bird species were recorded which count for 14% of Jordan’s bird population: Avifauna: Kestrel, Sand Partridge, Moorhen, Hoopoe, and Syrian Woo.